The term prostatitis is widely used to indicate the various pathologies affecting the prostate gland and bladder neck. In realty, prostatitis only includes acute and chronic bacterial, parasitic and mycotic infections. On the other hand, the most common cases with the signs and symptoms of inflammation in the absence of a recognisable microbial cause are indicated by the term nonbacterial prostatitis or prostatosis. Similarly prostatitis where an infecting agent cannot be identified and there is no evidence of inflammation is known as prostatodynia. These disorders are difficult to detect and much closer to bladder neck dysfunction rather than a genuine prostate pathology.
Subjects most at risk are between 30 and 60 years of age and the most common form is nonbacterial prostatitis.
In the acute form of the pathology symptoms include a high temperature, general malaise, widespread, urinary frequency, dysuria, stranguria, bladder tenesmus.
In the chronic form symptoms are reduced but frequently recurring, so much so that sufferers often have psychiatric problems.
Specialist medical consultation enables the pathology to be contextualised using the medical history of the patient, a rectal examination, laboratory blood and culture tests to assess prostatic secretion and ultrasound imaging.
The most suitable treatment to be followed can be identified on the basis of these results. Treatment is often based on a combination of drugs and supplements which, in expert hands, can be transferred directly inside the prostate to restore a perfect state of health(www.prostatitis2000.org).
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